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Tortoiseshell Betel Box with Engraved, Parcel-gilt Silver Mounts
Sri Lanka
late 18th century

length: 16cm, width: 12cm, height: 5.2cm, weight: 305g

This elegantly proportioned tortoiseshell box is unusual for its silver mounts both for the type and quality of the engraving on them and because they are
parcel (part) gilded. The mounts are engraved with an unusual flower and scrolling foliage design segmented and laid out within a repeating geometric design,
a device known as
tundan veda (Coomaraswamy, 1956, p.67).

The silver-gilt keyplate is shaped and engraved in the form of two addorsed parrots or korales known as the
bherunda pakshaya motif (Coomaraswamy, 1956,
p85). It is a common design in Sri Lankan artwork. The form also was used in pendent designs for jewellery (see the image below from an old postcard which
shows a Sinhalese woman wearing a
bherunda pakshaya pendant necklace richly embellished with stones.) The lock retains its original key.

The lid or cover attaches to the box by means of two hinges with lengthy, engraved braces fitted to the interior of the box.

The local habit of chewing betel in Sri Lanka and Batavia was adopted by the Dutch and they commissioned exquisite boxes to hold the nut, the betel leaf and
the other accompaniments. They realised early on how important betel was to the indigenous people and how it was an essential part of hospitality including
with the indigenous rulers. They quickly incorporated betel use with their dealings with local elites and the habit extended to their private lives as well.

The box is in fine condition. There is a small, stable crack to the tortoiseshell panel on the back of the box. There are no losses and no repairs.

References: Coomaraswamy, A.K., Mediaeval Sinhalese Art, Pantheon Books, 1956; Veenendaal, J., Furniture from Indonesia, Sri Lanka and India During
the Dutch Period
, Foundation Volkenkundig Museum Nusantara, 1985.

Inventory no.: 1010

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The bherunda pakshaya motif as jewellery and on the key plate of this box.
The tundan veda patterning.
Click on the video to get a
better idea of the relative
size of this item.