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Matara 'Diamond' Brooch with Gold & Silver Mounts
Sri Lanka
19th century

dimensions: 4.8cm x 3.5cm

This elegant brooch comprises faceted stones known locally as Matara diamonds (white zircons) in a gold and silver setting. (Matara is a sea port on the south
coast of Sri Lanka from where the stones come.)

Ceylonese silversmiths and other craftsmen produced items with Dutch influence during the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. This brooch is one example,
which has parallels with eighteenth century European jewellery, albeit with South Asian motifs: the brooch employs
katiri mala flower motifs for example.

Such brooches were the basis for the
kerosang brooches used by the Straits Chinese and Malay women in Malaysia and Singapore. Kerosang brooches were
used in place of buttons to keep blouses closed. Many were produced by expatriate Tamil craftsmen and so often the jewellery of the Straits Settlements of
Penang, Malacca and Singapore bore similarities in terms of themes and construction with that produced and worn in Ceylon.

This brooch is in a stable, wearable condition.

Provenance: UK art market

References: A brooch of similar construction is illustrated in Coomaraswamy, A.K., Mediaeval Sinhalese Art, Pantheon Books, 1956, plate XLIX.

Inventory no.: 1187

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Scenes from Matara today
A 17th century Dutch church.
A mosque, showing typically colonial-influenced architecture.
An entrance to the old Dutch fort.
'diamonds' photographed at the
National Museum of Sri Lanka,