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Polychrome Pottery Tile
Kandy, Sri Lanka
1800-1850

diameter: 27cm

This round tile is made of fired earthenware and decorated with various ochre-coloured slips. It is flat and painted with various nari-lata-type figures amid large
katiri mala flowers and foliage. The decoration and conception is typically Kandyan in design. The figures are represented in a strongly linear style against a
flat background.

According to Coomaraswarmy (1908, p. 225), the red paint on earthenware is made from grinding up with water certain ferruginous nodules called
gurugal,
and white paint is similarly made from kaolin.

Sinhalese potters (
badahelayo) made a variety of utilitarian items often decorated with traditional Kandyan motifs. The firing was done in a traditional kiln that
was low with stone sides, and had a domed covering of wet clay and sticks. The clay used tended to be alluvial in nature and available from many valley rice
fields.

The tile itself is without chips, cracks or repairs. The decoration shows some past loss from weathering or flaking, but is in a stable condition. A dating of
1800-1850 has been used based on the dating the Victoria & Albert Museum gives for its tiles. Pal (1987, p. 119) gives a dating of late 18th century for some
similar tiles.

References:
Coomaraswamy, A.K., Mediaeval Sinhalese Art, Pantheon Books, 1956 reprint of the 1908 edition.
Pal, P.,
Icons of Piety; Images of Whimsy: Asian Terra-cottas from the Walter-Grounds Collection, Los Angles County Museum of Art, 1987.

Provenance:  UK art market

Inventory no.: 3024

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Click here to see more items from Sri Lanka.
Related painted panels on wood at a
monastery near Kandy (photographed
in 2011.)
A Kandyan tile displayed currently in
London's Victoria & Albert Museum,
attributed to 1800-1850.