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Gold/Silver Alloy Double Axe Pendant (Taka)
Central Flores, Eastern Indonesia
18th-19th century

height: 4.5cm, width: 6.7cm, weight: 17g

This highly decorative pendant is of gold and silver alloy. Called a taka in the local Lio language, the construction is that if a ribbon with wide ends that has
been cross over itself. The ends have then been beaten flat. They are among the most valued heirloom items among the Ngada people of central Flores and
tend to be handed down from generation to generation.

It is likely that such a form is a highly stylised version of the female reproductive organs and as such the wearing of such a pendant no doubt had fertility and
talismanic properties.

According to Richter (2000, p. 209), the pendants were worn by both Ngada men and women suspended from chains attached to the headbands. The removal
of a
taka from its usual hiding place in the house roof required the blood sacrifice of a small animal, and a blood libation need to be sprinkled on the pendant
before it could be worn.

See Granucci (2005, p. 124), Taylor & Aragon (1991, p. 220), Richter (2000, p. 209) and Richter & Carpenter(2012, p. 208) for related examples.

The example here has a fine patina consistent with significant age and use. There light surface scratching but no repairs or losses.

References:
Granucci, A.F., The Art of the Lesser Sundas, Editions Didier Millet, 2005.
Richter, A.,
The Jewelry of Southeast Asia, Thames & Hudson, 2000.
Richter, A., & B. Carpenter,
Gold Jewellery of the Indonesian Archipelago, Editions Didier Millet, 2012.
Taylor, P.M. & L.V. Aragon,
Beyond the Java Sea: Art of Indonesia's Outer Islands, National Museum of Natural History/Harry N. Abrams, Inc,1991.

Provenance: Dutch antique market; private Dutch collection; acquired previously in the Netherlands.

Inventory no.: 3989 SOLD

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