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Rare Painted & Inscribed Leather Dish
Tibet
13th-15th century

diameter: 21cm; height: 3.4cm

Painted dishes from Tibet such as this example are highly unusual.  It comprises red, brown and black colours, with varnish, over a leather base.  It has a
rising sides and a raised ring-mat foot.

The design is floral but loosely based on the Tibetan wheel of
dhama - the wheel is a symbol of the Buddhist teaching relating to the Four Noble Truths and
the Transcendent Wisdom teaching of absolute selflessness and the Idealist teaching of discrimination between existence and non-existence. The centre has
a double yin-yang pattern, which stands for wisdom and compassion. The lotus flower that surrounds the central yin-yang roundel has eight petals. These
stand for the branches of the eightfold noble path: realistic view, intention, speech, livelihood, action, effort, mindfulness and meditation.

Possibly such a dish would have served as an altar dish.

The reverse of the plate has in Tibetan
dbu Med script an inscription which has been translated as 'This object was offered to the residence of Lhundup
Tagtse by the steward'.

An almost identical example (but in less-well preserved condition) is in the Newark Museum, in the United States (inventory number 98.20.3 - see below). The
Newark example has a similar inscription on the reverse which has been translated as 'Phu-mar Chos-gyal, Palace Administrator.'

The plate is in excellent condition for its age. There are no significant chips, cracks or losses and no repairs.

References:
Thurman, R., & D. Weldon,
Sacred Symbols: The Ritual Art of Tibet, Sotheby's/Rossi & Rossi, 1999.

Provenance: private collection, UK; private collection, Australia.

Inventory no.: 867

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The related example in the Newark
Museum, US.
The inscription on the reverse.